Document Type : Original Article
School of Nursing, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran.
Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
Faculty Member, Community Health Research Center, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
School of Paramedical Sciences Laboratory, University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Introduction: The number of old people is rapidly rising in all regions of the world. Given the numerous psychological problems threatening elderlies and the poor social support of those living in retirement homes, this study attempts to evaluate two psychophysical health indicators in elderlies of the city of Bam (Kerman, Iran).
Methods: This study was an applied survey conducted on all elderlies living in Sepehr Senior Home in Bam. Participants were selected by census sampling. Data were gathered by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale and then analyzed in IBM SPSS Statistics.
Results: The mean score of social isolation was 48.06±15.7. Social isolation was most frequently observed in 43.8% of elderlies. The mean score of sleep quality was 16.76±8.65. Sleeping problems were frequently found in 38.8 of elderlies with poor quality of sleep.
Conclusion: Our findings can help clinical nurses and health caretakers of senior homes to reach a better recognition of older persons' mental health conditions and enable them to sleep better and socially interact more efficiently. This study further can highlight the problems of elderlies and inspire more nursing scholars to conduct more research in this context.