A legal right or violation of sanctity? A narrative review of surveys on euthanasia in Iran

Document Type : Review Article


1 Student Research Committee, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.

2 USERN Office, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.

3 Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.


Euthanasia legalization in Islamic societies is still under debate. Iran is an Islamic country, and the values of Iran's society are rooted in Islamic beliefs. In the present study, we decided to have a narrative-literature review on euthanasia in Iran, as a religious country. For the mentioned purpose, the literature search was performed on Google Scholar and PubMed in order to elicit all the possible data. Results were limited to research on euthanasia in Iran. Euthanasia research which included patients' data, was assessed for ethics committee approval. After the mentioned procedure, a total of 17 documents were retrieved. All of the retrieved research projects were conducted to assess the attitude toward euthanasia and its acceptability by proper questionnaire. A survey of the retrieved documents determined that Iran's society has not yet supported the legitimacy of euthanasia as a social demand. However, it is essential to perform more research projects on various aspects of euthanasia [such as DNR (Do Not Resuscitate)].


Editor: SAA. Safavi-Naini (Conflict of interest: None)
Reviewers: MH. Khosravi(Conflict of interest: None), A. Mirahmadi (Conflict of Intrest: None),  M. Mohammadi (Conflict of Intrests: None)

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