Document Type : Case Report
Shahid beheshti university of medical sciences
Bone, joint and related tissues research center, Tehran, Iran
Department of Pediatrics Emergency, Mofid Children's Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Pediatric Infections Research Center, Mofid Children’s Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Pediatrics Pulmonary Diseases, Mofid Children’s Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Introduction: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly disseminated worldwide. In children, the most prevalent manifestations of COVID-19 are fever, cough, and fatigue.
Case presentation: Here, we describe a case of croup secondary to COVID-19 with a preexisting laryngomalacia who presented with fever, dyspnea, and severe cough. The patient had respiratory stridor and diffuse wheezing on lung auscultation.
Conclusions: Although a certain association between COVID-19 and croup has yet to be proven; but as it showed, SARS-CoV-2, like other viruses, can be a leading cause of croup. Therefore, we suggest in children with croup and upper airway symptoms, SARS-CoV-2 infection be ruled out.